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POPULATION DENSITY

1.1 Population and Population Density

According to the 2007 Community Survey conducted by Statistics South Africa the total population of the Eastern Cape Province is 6, 527 746 people. The following table provides a breakdown of the population per district.

Table 1: Population per district

District MunicipalityDistrict PopulationOverall Percentage
Cacadu363 4935.7
Amathole1 664 74925.5
Chris Hani798 60012.2
Ukhahlamba308 3644.7
O. R. Tambo1 862 21428.5
Alfred Nzo479 3957.3
Nelson Mandela Metro1 050 92716.1
Total6 527 745100
Souce: Statistics South Africa Community survey:2007

The Alfred Nzo District has a total population of 479 395 which accounts for 7, 3% of the Provincial population. Matatiele Local Municipality has a total population of 258 758 which constitutes 54% of the total district population and Umzimvubu Local Municipality has a total population of 220 636 which constitutes 46.03% of the total District population. Statistically, the population density of the district is low which implies that there is a lot of land not occupied by residential or any other physical development. The average population density for the district is 70 people per square kilometre. The population density of Matatiele Local Municipality is 59 people per square kilometre and the population density of Umzimvubu Local Municipality is 88 people per square kilometre. Matatiele Local Municipality therefore has a significantly larger area and a higher population than Umzimvubu Local Municipality, but a much lower population density.

1.2 Gender distribution

The Alfred Nzo population is predominantly female. Females constitute 54.38% of the population while males constitute 45.6%. Municipal planning must take cognisance of this gender balance and the Municipality acknowledges this through inclusion of the needs of women and gender issues in its programme for special groups.

Figure 1: Gender Distribution


Source: Statistics South Africa: Community Survey 2007

 

1.1.3 Age distribution

At Provincial level 69% of the population are under the age of 35 years and considered to be youth. 35.5% of the population is between the ages of 0 and 14 years and are considered to be dependant. The potentially economically active population (15 - 65 years) constitutes 57.4% of the population and the elderly 6.9%. The population of Alfred Nzo broadly reflects these Provincial trends with some variation in terms of percentages. 74.1% of the population are under the age of 35 years, whereas 42, 5% are between the ages of 0 and 14 years and still dependent. The potentially economically active population (15 - 65 years) constitutes 50% of the population and the elderly 6.5 %. Municipal planning must take cognisance of the predominantly youthful population and the Municipality acknowledges this through inclusion of the needs of children and youth issues in its programme for special groups.

Figure 2: Age Distribution


Source: Statistics South Africa: Community Survey 2007

The high proportion of dependant youth in the district implies a higher burden on the economically active population. Given that a high percentage of the economically active population is not economically active this burden shifts to organs of state and places a higher burden on municipalities and government departments such as Social Development, Health etc.

1.1.4 Racial distribution

The population of Alfred Nzo is predominantly African. African people constitute 99.1% of the total population while the remaining population groups constitute only 0.8% of the total population.

Figure 3: Racial Distribution


Source: Statistics South Africa: Community Survey 2007

1.1.5 Disability profile

Within the Alfred Nzo District, there are people with disabilities. 4% of the district population suffers from some form of disability. A slightly higher percentage of the male population (51.8%) is affected by disabilities than the female population (48.2%). An analysis of the most predominant types of disability revealed that the majority of people with disabilities have physical disabilities (33.4%). Only 1, 5% of people with disabilities have multiple disabilities. Municipal planning must take cognisance of the needs of people with disabilities and acknowledges this through inclusion of people with disabilities in its programme for special groups.