Chris Hani District
Chris Hani District is a landlocked district situated in the centre of the Eastern Cape. It comprises six Local Municipalities and it is considered a rural district since 95% of the total population is rural or semi-rural.Key towns pegging this district are Cradock, Middelburg, Queenstown, Elliot and Cofimvaba.The second-largest of the districts, Chris Hani, it is largely rural with one urban area around Queenstown-Lukhanji .The Friendly N6 tourism route winds southwards through the district while the eerily beautiful Karoo Heartland straddles it.
Chris Hani Municipal District lies at the heart of the Eastern Cape. The second largest of the province’s district municipalities is covers an area of 37 111km². Its population numbers about 823 000 giving it a low population density of 22 per square kilometre.
The majority of its people speak isiXhosa. Its boundaries stretch between the Joe Gqabi district in the north, OR Tambo district in the east, Amathole in the south, Cacadu in the south-west and a small stretch of the Northern Cape province to the north-west.
The district is divided into six local municipalities. The seat of the district is Queenstown. The local municipalities have been grouped into six health districts:
- Enoch Mgijima
- Inxuba Yethemba
- Intsika Yethu
Key towns pegging this district are Cradock, Middelburg, Queenstown, Elliot and Cofimvaba. Chris Hani’s executive mayor is Mafuza Sigabi.
The largest private sector activity in the Chris Hani District is agriculture, and livestock is the predominant activity. Around Middleburg and Craddock as well as Karoo farms are focusing on small stock, producing mohair, mutton and wool. The cattle trade is centered in Queenstown, and there are commercial black cattle farmers are situated around Cofimyaba and Engcobo.
In Cofimyaba there is also some forestry present. In the Chris Hani District there is irrigation which takes place around Cradock. The second most important private sector is manufacturing. Queenstown is the main manufacturing centre and it has a small furniture industry, dairy processing and wood products available.
Although tourism is limited in Chris Hani, there is some development in farm tourism and tours are being operated through game farms. Another aspect of tourism is ‘stop over’ tourism when tourists pass through the Eastern Cape via the N6 and N10 national routes they can stay in farms and guest houses. There is beautiful scenery in the district which can be optimally viewed at places like the Mountain Zebra National Park, which is situated near Cradock.